Periodontics is the dental specialty that deals with prevent, diagnose and treat gum disease and the bone that holds the teeth. The most common periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is a chronic and painless periodontal disease that causes inflammation of the gums. It is a disease with high prevalence in today's society, depending on age groups its frequency can be around 60% of the population to a greater or lesser extent and if left untreated it can lead to periodontitis.
Finally, periodontitis is a painless disease that affects the gums and produces the loss of the bone that surrounds the teeth, favoring mobility and subsequent tooth loss.